Press Release Members of the Secwepemc Nation Fully Support members of the Dzawada’enuxw and Kwikwasutinuxw Haxwamis First Nation occupying the Wicklow Fish Farm

Press Release

Members of the Secwepemc Nation Fully Support members of the Dzawada’enuxw and Kwikwasutinuxw Haxwamis First Nation occupying the Wicklow Fish Farm

August 31, 2017 (Kamloops/Secwepemc Territory) –  The Chiefs of the Shuswap Nation Tribal Council are standing in solidarity with members of the Dzawada’enuxw and Kwikwasutinuxw Haxwamis First Nation in their occupation of fish farms located in their traditional territory located in Northern Vancouver Island. The Secwepemc recognizes that this occupation of Wicklow Fish farm led by Chief Okwilagame (Willie Moon) is an assertion of their authority in their traditional lands and waters after the collapsed fish farm that released thousands of Altlantic salmon. The farmed Atlantic Salmon made their way into the traditional waters of the Shishalh Nation located on the Sunshine Coast in British Columbia.

The Secwepemc people have a clear understanding that fish farms are a threat to the Secwepemc Nation’s cultural identity. The Secwepemc people depend on wild salmon which has been a key staple of our diets since time immemorial. The Secwepemc leadership strives to act towards the protection of salmon in our waterways and sustaining wild fish for current and future generations to come.

The occupations by the Dzawada’enuxw and Kwikwasutinuxw Haxwamis First Nation will continue until the farms are removed. The lack of action from the Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada is not something the Secwepemc Nation can accept.

Kukpi7 Wayne Christian says, “Government bodies, like DFO, must provide satisfactory responses to all Indigenous Nations that have never given up their inherent authority over their lands and waters. Governments must act to ensure that our rights to our fisheries can continue on for future generations.”

“All Atlantic farmed salmon must be taken out of the ocean as they are a contributing factor to the decline of our wild stocks. We hold Canada responsible for the death and decline our relatives – the salmon.” stated Kukpi7 Wayne Christian.


About the Secwepemc Nation: The Secwepemc Nation is currently governed by 17 Indian Act Bands and two Tribal Councils, the Northern Shuswap Tribal Council, and the Shuswap Nation Tribal Council. These governing structures were imposed upon our communities with the creation of the Indian Act in 1876. Secwepemc territory spans approximately 180,000 square kilometres in the Interior of British Columbia. We are working to re-establish Nation-to-Nation approach to governance.

Media Contact:

Kukpi7 Wayne Christian, Tribal Chief

Shuswap Nation Tribal Council


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“A Call for Action,” Traditional Foods Donations Needed for Evacuees



July 24, 2017 (Kamloops, BC /Secwepemc Territory) – As of today, there are over a hundred wildfires burning throughout BC and at least two dozen of those fires are near First Nations communities, according to the most recent wildfire update BCAFN released. A lot of communities have been impacted including eight out of the 17 Secwepemc communities. The Secwepemc communities that were evacuated include: Alkali Lake, Soda Creek and Williams Lake Indian Band. The communities that are on alert and that have evacuated their elder’s due to health concerns are Canim Lake, Bonaparte, Canoe/Dog Creek, Whispering Pines and Skeetchestn.

Secwepemc communities not impacted by forest fires have stepped up to help those in need, notably Tk’emlups te Secwepemc who have opened their pow wow arbor for evacuees to camp and use its facilities. Members of the community have pulled together in providing campers with three meals per day.

The Chiefs would like to thank the volunteers that are committing their time and energy to our people currently relocated throughout our territory. The Chiefs thank the Secwepemc Health Caucus staff that are providing assistance in this time of crisis by providing emotional and spiritual ceremonial support for Elders, children and people.  The Chiefs also ask for prayers and ceremonies for the safety of the Kukukpi7 (Chiefs) and our people who stayed behind to protect the homes and community infrastructure.

Today, the Secwepemc Chiefs would like to make a call for assistance from the non-impacted Secwepemc communities and the non-Secwepemc neighboring communities. Kukpi7 Wayne Christian says, “Our people who have been and are evacuated will have limited time to harvest our traditional foods, salmon and berries”.  Those traditional foods along with staples like meat, rice and potatoes are needed to stock up for the winter.

The Secwepemc Chiefs are calling on all communities for donations of preserved traditional foods or perishable foods that may be canned for evacuees unable to preserve for themselves. We are also requesting donations of canning jars and supplies. Secwepemc staples needed are; salmon, meat, fruit, berries, vegetables, rice and potatoes. Donations will be accepted at the Splatsin Community Centre where they will be canned and stored until the Shuswap Gathering on August 18, 19 & 20. We will then have a traditional giveaway ceremony for the Secwepemc families impacted by the fires.


Donation Details:

Where to Donate: Splatsin Community Centre (cold storage and freezer on site). Contact person: Splatsin Councilor Edna Felix Cell: 250-308-6811. Address: 5775 Old Vernon Road, Enderby, BC. For media inquiries: Kukpi7 Wayne Christian, Tribal Chief of Shuswap Nation Tribal Council,

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Secwepemc Elders and Chiefs Declare State of Emergency over Fentanyl Crisis


Secwepemc Elders and Chiefs Declare State of Emergency over Fentanyl Crisis

March 9th, 2017 (Secwepemc Territory/Kamloops, BC) – On February 23rd, 2017, the Secwepemc Elders Council (“SEC”) expressed their concern over the fentanyl crisis that has overwhelmed our communities across the Secwepemc Nation. In response, the SEC called a Nation State of Emergency and called upon Secwepemc leadership to take immediate action to address this growing epidemic.

On March 1st, 2017, the Chiefs of the Shuswap Nation Tribal Council (“SNTC”) responded to the Elders and have committed to building a coordinated approach to address this prolific state of fentanyl use and overdoses.

“It is important that all members within our communities are given the resources needed to be adequately informed on the issue of fentanyl. Prevention and awareness are critical for our members, their families, and the community to effectively combat this crisis,” expressed Tribal Chief Kukpi7 Wayne Christian.

The SNTC Chiefs are calling on the First Nations Health Council, Interior Health Authority, RCMP and all other available resources to work with us in joint partnership and fill any gaps which are contributing to this growing crisis.

Moving forward, it is important to assess the state of this crisis through the accurate collection of statistics on the number of overdoses and overdose related deaths. Immediate action needs to be taken to inform citizens on the presence of fentanyl in street drugs, the symptoms and probability of overdoses, and the treatment options available.

Kukpi7 Christian further stated: “Addictions do not discriminate and this Fentanyl Crisis is deadly as it takes live regardless of age and with only one time use. Get educated on how to prevent this from killing your loved ones.”


Media Contact

Kukpi7 Wayne Christian – (250) 503-7072


As per the recent Interior Health Press Release from March 2, 2017 – “Carfentanil presence confirmed in Interior Health”, the following recommendations may help reduce overdose risk:

Not using drugs at all is the best way to avoid overdose and other health impacts. Interior Health recommends people abstain from using any type of illegal drug, if at all possible. If abstaining is not an option, the following tips can help reduce the risk of overdose:

  • Don’t mix different drugs (including pharmaceutical medications, street drugs, and alcohol)
  • Don’t take drugs when you are alone, have a sober buddy with you. Leave door unlocked. Tell someone to check on you.
  • Use less and pace yourself. Do testers to check strength – take a small sample of a drug before taking your usual dosage.
  • Keep an eye out for your friends – stay together and look out for each other.
  • Carry a Naloxone kit and know how to use it. A list of locations to get a kit can be found on the Interior Health website.
  • Recognize the signs of an OD: Slow or no breathing, gurgling or gasping, lips/fingertips turning blue, difficult to rouse (awaken), non-responsive.
  • If someone thinks they may be having an overdose or is witnessing an overdose, follow the SAVE ME steps and call 9-1-1 immediately, do not delay.

For more resources and links related to overdose and substance use, visit:

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Shuswap Nation Tribal Council Supports the Stk’emlupsemc te Secwepemc Nation Project Assessment Panel


Shuswap Nation Tribal Council Supports the Stk’emlupsemc te Secwepemc Nation Project Assessment Panel

March 4th, 2017 (Secwepemc Territory/Kamloops, BC) – Today is a momentous day for the Secwepemc Nation. The Stk’emlupsemc te Secwepemc (“SSN”) Joint Council has made their decision announcement regarding the KGHM Ajax Mine.  The significance of this event cannot be understated as the process of getting to this point is an expression of how our collective Aboriginal title and rights are being held up across Secwepemc territory.

“The Panel and families involved in this process are the true representatives of the collective title held in this area”, expressed Kukpi7 Wayne Christian, Tribal Chief of the Shuswap Nation Tribal Council (“SNTC”) and Chair of the SSN Panel.

The SSN Joint Council and Project Assessment Panel members were selected to represent their families, Elders and Youth from Tk’emlups te Secwepemc and Skeetchestn. They immersed themselves in the facts and information pertaining to the proposed mine site and meticulously deliberated with their families and each other to make their recommendations today.

“We applaud the SSN for the work that they have done and the model they have created for achieving a community centered Indigenous environmental assessment process. As the proper title holders and caretakers of this land, we have a duty to ensure it is used in a sustainable way so that future generations may also enjoy its benefits.  What the SSN Project Assessment Panel has given us is a way in which we can make decisions regarding the land, taking into account all pertinent information, and including the proper representatives to be decision makers in the process”, stated Kukpi7 Christian.

The Shuswap Nation Tribal Council supports the SSN and all the family representatives who have worked so tirelessly to get to this place. The work that they have undertaken on behalf of the Secwepemc Nation is a soaring achievement onto its self.

Media Contact:

Kukpi7 Wayne Christian – 1 (250) 503-7072

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A Free Public Workshop hosted by SNTC and TRU

PRESS RELEASE – “Find Your Call to Action – Embracing Reconciliation”

Secwepemc Nation (July 26, 2016): It has been one year since Canadians were introduced to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s (TRC) Calls to Action. One challenge for all Canadians has been to see themselves within this work and to discover how they can affect change.  All community members including teenagers, parents, community members and leaders are invited to this free public workshop to learn about concrete, practical, manageable and personal things they can do to respond to the TRC.

Dr. Rebecca Johnson, professor at the University of Victoria’s Faculty of Law and Academic Director of the Indigenous Law Research Unit will be facilitating a one day workshop at Thompson Rivers University (TRU) on August 10th 2016, in partnership with the Shuswap Nation Tribal Council (SNTC) and TRU’s Aboriginal Education Department.

“It’s time we work together to find shared ground in reconciliation” expressed Kukpi7 (Chief) Wayne Christian, Tribal Chief of the Shuswap Nation Tribal Council. “We are calling on all nations – Indigenous and non-Indigenous – to work with one another, to understand one another, and find their call to action. It is everyone’s responsibility to understand and embrace reconciliation in this country.  This was expressed by our ancestors in 1910 to then Prime Minister Sir Wilfrid Laurier – “These people wish to be partners with us in our country. We must, therefore, be the same as brothers to them, and live as one family. We will share equally in everything—half and half—in land, water and timber, etc. What is ours will be theirs, and what is theirs will be ours. We will help each other to be great and good.” – and it still holds true today.”

The TRC released its 94 recommendations, or “Calls to Action”, in 2015.  These recommendations were born out of 6 years of dialogue, three commissioners, and over 6,750 stories from residential school survivors and witnesses. “People will be introduced to the history of the TRC and will leave comfortable knowing what it is all about”, said Dr. Johnson.  “This workshop will empower individuals to make change from where they are at and using the resources, time and energy they possess.”

Kukpi7 Christian emphasized “We have the recommendations. It’s time for Canadians to prepare for implementation. This workshop is about sharing knowledge in a way that resonates with people so that they feel informed and able to take their own action towards reconciliation. In the words of Chief Wilton Littlechild: This is not an Aboriginal Issue, this is a Canadian issue.”

Event Details

Date: August 10th, 2016

Time: 9am – 4pm

Location: Irving K. Barber Centre, House of Learning Building, TRU, Kamloops BC

Registration required – please email:

Hosted by: Shuswap Nation Tribal Council, TRU Aboriginal Education, and UVic Indigenous Law Research Unit

For media inquiries, please contact:  

Kukpi7 Wayne Christian, Tribal Chief

Shuswap Nation Tribal Council

Reconciliation Workshop Poster

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Nlaka’pamux and Secwepemc Chiefs Stand United Against Biosolids


Kamloops, BC (March 15th, 2016) – Nlaka’pamux and Secwepemc Chiefs met Thursday, March 10th at the Shuswap Nation Tribal Council in Kamloops, BC to discuss their concerns with biosolid waste dumping on our traditional territories.  The Chiefs unanimously agreed to work in collaboration as Nations to find acceptable solutions to this issue.  The ultimate goal is to have all biosolid dumping within our traditional territories come to an end.

“We believe the practice of using biosolids in agricultural lands and on our life sustaining ecosystems can be completely eradicated if we work together.  This is not just an issue for First Nations people.  This is an issue for everyone as we all need the land to be healthy if we are to be healthy. You get what you give.  Moving forward, we need to be utilizing the most cutting edge technologies to offset the toxic waste from being transported directly onto the land and into our water systems. We need to rely on traditional Indigenous knowledge as it’s the best way we can protect the environment,” stated Kukpi7 Wayne Christian, Tribal Chief of the Shuswap Nation Tribal Council.

“We view this land application of biosolids as nothing more than a method of cheap toxin dispersal for big cities. They attain a cleaner environment while the people living in these areas are expected to take the poisonous burden on their shoulders. This practice is impacting the soil, water and air we all rely on for our lives. First Nations peoples are particularly vulnerable to this accumulating low-level toxic build up, as this sewer sludge is sprayed into the forests and on the meadows, jeopardizing the traditional practices of gathering foods and medicines, as well as potentially threatening the safety of hunting and fishing,” expressed Chief Aaron Sam of the Lower Nicola Indian Band.

“Biosolids” is the waste-water industry’s name for the sewer sludge left over after the facilities have done the job of cleaning the water. It represents everything cities pour down their drains – fecal matter, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, solvents, cleaners – everything. The sewer sludge companies “sell” this highly concentrated and toxic material on to the ranchers, farmers, and forestry people as something “beneficial” because it does indeed contain things plants like – nitrogen and phosphorous for example. However, the toxic contaminants have not been removed, only some of the easy-to-kill pathogens and bacteria are taken care of in the treatment process. The rest of these dangerous toxins are applied to our lands where they can easily enter the food chain.

There are alternatives! New methods of gasification or pyrolysis will rid the sludge of its toxins and at the same time return energy to the grid. This is the direction the government should be going. The Nlaka’pamux and Secwepemc Chiefs are committed to work together on this issue until we can find better way forward.

Media Contacts:

Chief Wayne Christian – 250-503-7072;

Chief Aaron Sam – 250-315-7563;

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Aboriginal Hunting and Fishing Rights

Hunting and Fishing Rights Review of Key Legal Principles Briefing Note

Note: All cases must be viewed in their entirety and facts in each case vary, therefore so do the results.

Key legal principles established in the area of hunting and fishing rights cases summary

-Section 35 protects aboriginal rights; however, these rights can be infringed by Government when certain actions are considered justified by the courts.  A common justification example includes regulations or laws that are directed to conservation of a species.



  • There was no Aboriginal right to a commercial fishery, nor any fiduciary duty on the part of the Crown to provide access to a commercial fishery. [Lax Kw’alaams]
  • Fishing for food and ceremonial purposes was integral to the culture, but the exchange (sale) of fish was merely incidental and therefore not protected by s.35. [Van der Peet]
  • However, in Gladstone, the court found, based on the evidence, that large scale trade of herring spawn on kelp was a central, significant and defining feature of the culture of the Heiltsuk and the Fisheries Act infringed the right.
  • NTC Smokehouse-the aboriginal right to sell fish was not established on a large scale because the exchange of fish, when taking place apart from the occasion to which such an exchange was incidental, cannot, even if that occasion was an integral part of the aboriginal society in question, constitute an aboriginal right.
  • V. Jones- commercial fishing for band sustenance (as opposed to profit) was protected as an aboriginal or treaty right. Evidence showed that commercial fishing was a community based, collective activity directed to the subsistence of the group as a whole.

Exercise on another Nation’s territory-R v. Jack- The aboriginal right to fish includes the right to invite other kin from other Bands to fish.  (same Nation).

Exercise by non-aboriginal-Aboriginal fishing rights are held by a collective and by the individuals who make up that collective.  Aboriginal rights may not be exercised by non-Aboriginal persons.  An Aboriginal person did not have the right to appoint her non-Aboriginal husband to exercise her fishing rights. [Pike]

However, in a lower court decision, R. v. Cunningham, the court acquitted the non-aboriginal husband for fishing without a license, as he was helping his wife exercise a constitutional right and was entitled to assist her to minimize her exposure to danger.

-Aboriginal title was one manifestation of the doctrine of aboriginal rights.  Therefore, it is not necessary to establish aboriginal title in order to assert aboriginal rights. [Adams]

-Aboriginal rights to fish include:

  1. the right to determine who within the band will be the recipients of the fish for ultimate consumption;
  2. the right to select the purpose for which the fish will be used (food, ceremonial)
  3. the right to fish for steelhead;
  4. the right to choose the period of time to fish in the river;
  5. the right to determine when fishing will occur and the method and manner of fishing.

(Crown did not provide evidence in this case that justified the infringements) [Nikal]

-The terms, “existing aboriginal rights” within s.35, must be interpreted flexibly so as to permit their evolution over time.  The phrase does not “freeze” the right in time.  [Sparrow]

-Under an Aboriginal Communal Fishing license, aboriginal people could fish for food when non-aboriginals could not.  This restriction was challenged and the court concluded that the Minister made a valid decision under the Act and the court would not interfere with that decision.  The court cannot turn a political choice into an adjudicative decision in this case. [Huovinen]



Hunting-R. v. Alphonse-The shooting of a deer on unoccupied, unfenced and uncultivated private land, although contrary to the Wildlife Act, was accomplished pursuant to the exercise of an unextinguished aboriginal right.

Hunting-R. v. Quipp-two members of the Sto:lo Nation were charged after shooting a cow elk closed season.  They were hunting, not on Sto:lo lands, but on the territory of the Thompson or Okanagan First Nations.  The accused were convicted because they did not show that they had Aboriginal rights to hunt in that territory without prior permission from those Nations.

  1. v. Duguay-convicted of selling fish and game contrary to provincial Act. His aboriginal rights argument was rejected by the courts because he had not produced enough evidence to establish that it was a distinct cultural practice of the Algonquins.
  2. v. Morris-Two members of Tsartlip First Nation was acquitted of hunting at night. While the case arose from a breach of treaty rights, the SCC remarked that a blanket prohibition on night hunting throughout BC was going “overboard”. Not a sound basis for limiting a treaty right.

However, in R. v. Seward, the accused was convicted for hunting at night as he did not establish enough evidence that the members of the Band historically hunted at night.

  1. v. Stump-Larry Stump and Charles Elkins were charged with night hunting. The judge found that the Chilcotin Bad had an aboriginal right to night hunt which was infringed by Act. However, judge found that safety concerns provided justification.
  2. v. Pariseau-Algonquins charged with hunting at night. Court found that they had right to hunt for food but that restriction imposed was justified for safety reasons.
  3. v. Dick-Wildlife Act requirement for possession permits for dead wildlife was of no force or effect with respect to Aboriginals.

Draft by Bonnie Leonard, Tribal Director on October 20th, 2015


Click here for more information on case law regarding Aboriginal Hunting Fishing and Harvesting Rights

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Press Release: It’s Time for Leaders to Lead

SECWEPEMC NATION (December 15th, 2015): First of all, we must acknowledge what an incredibly important topic this is, not just for First Nations people but for all people. Children have a special place in all of our hearts and we recognize that the emotions being brought into the conversation surrounding this report are heightened, and rightfully so.

Part One of the Plecas Review has brought many significant issues to light.  Mainly, that the foundation upon which MCFD was crafted is, and always has been, structurally flawed. As First Nations leaders, we have always known this as it is disproportionately our children who are suffering the most through this broken system.  While we fundamentally disagree with the position Mr. Plecas has taken on these issues, a few of his conclusions have merit.

At the very beginning of his report, Mr. Plecas discusses levels of responsibility and aptly points out that we live in a society where we only lay blame with the government when things go wrong; not the parents, families, or communities who have the foremost responsibility to these children. This is one sentiment of the report that we can fully get behind as it is something we have been saying for decades.  As First Nations leaders, we have continuously called upon the Provincial government to step aside and make room for us to obtain the full jurisdiction and responsibility over our own children.  With over 60.6% of children in care being Aboriginal and another scathing report at their doorstep, perhaps now the province will take our plea into more serious contemplation.

Mr. Plecas concludes his overview by stating: “Collectively, we need to move beyond the blame game and to provide the required leadership for a successful plan.  That leadership, in my view, starts with the elected Members of the Legislature.” We agree that we must move beyond pointing blame, but in our view, this has to start with First Nations leaders having a seat at the table and being key decision makers in everything that has to do with our children and families.  Mr. Plecas makes the suggestion of MCFD hiring an Indigenous person in the role of Assistant Deputy Minister in charge of Aboriginal Programs; this is a start, but we need more.

As Kukpi7 Wayne Christian, SNTC Tribal Chief and Chief of Splatsín, expressed: “Decision Time is about Leaders from all political stripes needing to stop blaming each other and make a decision to lead – the system is broken and bringing in a retired bureaucrat who was the architect of the current MCFD will not address the issues. Premier Clark needs to step up and lead or step down as she is not providing leadership for the children and families of BC. We, as Chiefs, also need to step up and lead for our children and demand recognition of our laws for our children and families.”

The Sword of Damocles is hanging over all our heads, not just the social workers as expressed by Plecas.  It is time for us as leaders to step up, be honest about our shortcomings, and commit ourselves to doing a better job for our most vulnerable children.  These children in care only have one childhood and we can’t afford another 35 years of getting it wrong.  We strongly call upon the Premier and her cabinet to meet with us and chart a new course forward where we can secure better outcomes for our children.

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Elk Population in East Kootenays

Important message from Shuswap Indian Band (Invermere) regarding the Elk population in the East Kootenays. Please read the following or click on attached images to see the letter:

To All Shuswap Nation Chief, Council and Nation Members:

Re: Elk population in the East Kootenays

At a meeting of concerned parties it was determined that the Elk population in the Findlay Creek and Skookumchuck area is in serious decline. The Elk herds will need a minimum two years of restricted hunting to bring the population back to a healthy number. Present at this meeting, there was representation from Ministry of Forests, The Columbia Kootenay Conservation Officer and Bob Jamieson, a representative involved in the elk count for the East Kootenays.

Shuswap Band Chief and Council ask that all First Nation hunters follow the regular Elk hunting season for a minimum of two years. It is important that all concerned, native and non-native, abide by these regulations designed to preserve the Elk populations for future generations.

We are requesting the Shuswap Communities, by consensus, agree to the rules in place for the 2015 hunting season. Specifically in the Skookumchuck and Findlay Creek hunting areas. The rules are as follows:

1. Permit Only Hunting for all First Nations members wishing to hunt in the East Kootenays, will be $ 30.00 (thirty) dollars. For 1 Elk, or 1 moose, and a deer, either Whitetail or Mule deer. These permits will be issued by the Shuswap Band Titles And Rights Department.

Please contact Rosalita Pascal at (250) 341-3678 Monday – Friday, or submit written requests to RR#2 3A- 492 Arrow road, Invermere B.C. V0A-1K2. Electronic submissions can be made by request to

2. All hunters will be required to report to the Shuswap Band of their intentions to hunt.

3. All hunters not permitted; will have their animals removed and given to the local First Nations for supporting community membership.

4. All proper documentation must be provided to local Conservation Officers at their request.

5. A notice of our guidelines along with the statement that: if we do not regulate hunting; there will be no Elk left to hunt. This will be sent out to all Bands.

6. All Elk taken from the East Kootenays must be reported to the Shuswap Band.

7. There will be no hunting after December 1 for the 2015/2016 hunting seasons.

The Shuswap Nation and Ktunaxa Nation are working together and in cooperation with the Province of BC to maintain the Herds.
It is important that we all understand the urgency and immediately implement a strategy to save the Elk populations in this region. This is a problem that we all share and we need to work together on a plan to fix it. We seek your support in developing a mutually agreed upon course of action so that we may stand united in our negotiations, with the Province of British Columbia and/or other levels of government on this matter.

Shuswap Band
Chief and Council
Invermere B.C.

Elk hunt Draft Elk Population in the East Kootenays P1Elk Population in the East Kootenays P2

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The Easy Guide to Voting on Reserve

Step One – Register to vote

You can register on line at or register by mail using the form on
page four of this document. You can also call Elections Canada at 1-800-463-6868 for
the mail-in form.

Step Two – Get your voter registration card in the mail

If you do not get a voter registration card, call Elections Canada at 1-800-463-6868 or go to the polling station and register when you vote. You will need to prove your
identity, which may include providing a letter from the Band identifying you as living on

Step Three – Vote! There are three ways you can vote:

1. On Election Day

If you have a voter information card, take it with you when you go to vote at the polling station at the address shown on the card.
If you don’t have a voter information card, and you didn’t register earlier, you can still register to vote at the polling station on Election Day by proving your identity and
address, as described above. For your poll location, call Elections Canada at 1-800-463-6868.

2. At an advance poll

If you don’t wish to vote on Election Day, you can vote earlier at an advance poll. The voter information card tells you the dates and address. Take it with you to the polling station. If you need to, you can also register at the advance poll.

Special note: If you have poor health with good days and bad days or if you have mobility difficulties or simply can’t stand in line, we strongly recommend that you vote at the advance polls.

3. By special ballot

You can vote by special ballot if you can’t go to your polling station to vote (either on election day or at the advance polls) or for any other reason. You can get a special ballot registration form from your local Elections Canada office or from the Elections Canada Web site (, or by calling Elections Canada. If you want to vote by special ballot, apply early. The last day to request a special ballot is 6:00 p.m. on the sixth day before Election Day.]

More information and important documents for voting here: The Easy Guide to Voting on Reserve Booklet

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